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From insight into fossil fuels to disaster relief to more efficient transportation, Ohio's researchers leverage the Ohio Supercomputer Center to pursue smart ways to develop sustainable energy solutions. The work they accomplish today could make for a stronger world tomorrow. 

Fuel Efficiency

Illustration from Selamet's Research

More than 140 years ago, when the first four-stroke cycle, internal combustion engine was invented, it became the prototype for the modern automobile powertrains. As long as those engines have existed, however, “knock” has been a limiting factor to the performance of engines.

With the help of the Ohio Supercomputer Center, Ahmet Selamet, Ph.D., is tackling that problem head on.

Novel Nanostructures

Illustration from Frajian's research

For most energy applications, heat is a byproduct of a reaction, cast off as unusable energy. But as the world moves toward energy efficiency, scientists are looking at ways to effectively channel heat possibly back into electricity, so less energy is wasted.

Energy Storage

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With the rise of energy storage applications for such things as rechargeable Lithium ion batteries and solar cells, graphene and graphene-based nanocomposites have attracted a lot of interest.

Renewable Energy

Central State University’s Subramania Srithrahan, Ph.D., is fine-tuning a product that could result in clean renewable energy, new jobs and better boating and swimming safety on the nation’s rivers.

Electron Processes

The Dunietz Group at Kent State University is researching key processes in material science at a very fundamental level. The computational group led by Barry Dunietz, Ph.D., provides molecular-level insight into charge-transfer processes through various molecular interface to understand the structure effects on the motion of electrons.

Fuel Economy

In the summer of 2012, the federal government handed the auto industry a major technological challenge by setting a fuel-economy goal of 54.5 miles per gallon as the industry standard by 2025.

By comparison: In 2012, the standard was 29.7 mpg, which was raised to 35.5 mpg in 2016.

Charging Stations

When considering an electric vehicle, many motorists encounter a paradox: they would be willing to make the leap if there were more support infrastructure for them. Conversely, investors might loosen the purse strings to fund electric vehicle infrastructure, such as charging stations, if more people drove them.

Solar Fuel

Consumption of energy is increasing worldwide due to the steady increase in the human population and the long-term growth of the international economy. A group of researchers at a northwestern Ohio science lab have been leveraging Ohio Supercomputer Center services to investigate solar-based fuel production as a sustainable alternative to fossil fuels.

Reactor Prototypes

Compared to its centuries-old fossil fuel counterparts, nuclear power is a young player in today’s lineup of energy sources. Still, since the world’s first nuclear power plant became operational in 1954, there have been three marked advancement periods, or generations, of nuclear technology. Each new generation has improved upon the current safety and performance of the previous generation.

Carbon Injection

The Department of Energy supports pilot projects and basic research that evaluate the feasibility of capturing carbon dioxide created by industrial processes and power plants and injecting it into deep geologic formations for permanent storage, known as geo-sequestration.  This is part of evaluating strategies for reducing atmospheric emissions and mitigating accumulation of greenhouse gasses. 

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