Energy

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From insight into fossil fuels to disaster relief to more efficient transportation, Ohio's researchers leverage the Ohio Supercomputer Center to pursue smart ways to develop sustainable energy solutions. The work they accomplish today could make for a stronger world tomorrow. 

Fried, Li model proton transfer to improve fuel cell performance

The overarching driver for the development of fuel-cell power is its potential to provide clean, highly efficient power generation. A fuel cell produces electricity from fuel (on the anode side) and an oxidant (on the cathode side), which react in the presence of electrolytes, substances containing free ions that make the substance electrically conductive.

Particulate Dispersion

For generations, farmers have applied biosolids to their fields to improve soil fertility, leading scientists to examine its effects on human health. A University of Toledo research team led by Ashok Kumar, Ph.D., has leveraged resources at the Ohio Supercomputer Center to study air quality issues such as these in outdoor and indoor environments.

Optimized Fluidic Control

The roar of jet engines is the major source of noise created by commercial and military aircraft, which are bound by numerous stringent noise regulations. A research team led by Ephraim Gutmark, Ph.D., D.Sc., at the University of Cincinnati, is leveraging both experimental and computational tools to optimize existing aircraft noise suppression techniques and to develop new ones. 

Animal Movement

Animals are in constant movement across the surface of the earth, and climate affects their movements, especially for migrating and flying animals. Understanding animal movement is pivotal to predicting and ensuring the survival of populations in the face of rapid global changes to climate, land-use and habitats.

Fuel Efficiency

Illustration from Selamet's Research

More than 140 years ago, when the first four-stroke cycle, internal combustion engine was invented, it became the prototype for the modern automobile powertrains. As long as those engines have existed, however, “knock” has been a limiting factor to the performance of engines.

With the help of the Ohio Supercomputer Center, Ahmet Selamet, Ph.D., is tackling that problem head on.

Novel Nanostructures

Illustration from Frajian's research

For most energy applications, heat is a byproduct of a reaction, cast off as unusable energy. But as the world moves toward energy efficiency, scientists are looking at ways to effectively channel heat possibly back into electricity, so less energy is wasted.

Energy Storage

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With the rise of energy storage applications for such things as rechargeable Lithium ion batteries and solar cells, graphene and graphene-based nanocomposites have attracted a lot of interest.

Renewable Energy

Central State University’s Subramania Srithrahan, Ph.D., is fine-tuning a product that could result in clean renewable energy, new jobs and better boating and swimming safety on the nation’s rivers.

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